James Whitbourn’s Annelies takes its title from Anne Frank’s birth name, Annelies Marie, and its inspiration from the young girl’s legendary diary written during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. Whitbourn’s work was given its world premiere in 2005 by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London with Louise Kateck as soloist, and the composer’s own arrangement for chamber ensemble was premiered in 2009 at the German Church of The Hague in the Netherlands. Scored for clarinet, violin, cello, piano and soprano soloist, that arrangement will be performed on this occasion by clarinetist Bharat Chandra—making his Ravinia debut—and festival veterans the Lincoln Trio, soprano Arianna Zukerman—who was soloist for the chamber world premiere—and Chicago Children’s Choir. The composer has written, “It is [Anne Frank’s] penetrating observations that form the basis of Melanie Challenger’s libretto . . . The diary [has been] distilled into this sequence of beautiful and mature, spiritually charged texts . . . Rarely have I found a text so compelling and the inspiration for so much thought, simply as a document in its own right.” Although the story had been choreographed for ballet as early as 1959, Annelies is regarded as the first authorized musical setting of the diary.